THE BASICS OF FRACTIONS    Equivalent fractions

To create a fraction, a whole is divided into equal pieces.

The number of equal pieces becomes the denominator of a fraction related to that whole
The denominator is the bottom of a fraction.

The numerator of the fraction is determined by counting how many of those equal pieces are selected from the whole.  The numerator is the top of a fraction.

Equivalent fractions show the same part of the whole.

Different fractions are equivalent if the part of the whole that is selected for each is identical in size.

You should be able to look at these drawings and decide if the part of the whole shown is
identical in size and if the fractions created are equivalent.


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